We are witnessing a highly explosive growth of data in traditional research communities, and in nontraditional areas such as humanities, business, and medicine. This explosion, coupled with its wide geographic distribution, has overwhelmed our ability to manage, move, store, and analyze data. Research on high speed networks is critical to overcoming these barriers to effective work in a data-rich world. The focus of the Enlightened Computing project is on developing dynamic, adaptive, coordinated and optimized use of networks connecting geographically distributed high-end computing resources and scientific instrumentation. A critical feedback-loop consists of resource monitoring for discovery, performance, and SLA compliance, and feed back to co-schedulers for coordinated adaptive resource allocation and coscheduling.